Biofilms are microorganisms, growths, or yeasts that form heterogeneous substances on a natural or nonorganic surface. Biofilm formation is a significant concern in the healthcare, food, and marine industries, and it can cause serious economic and medical problems. A biofilm's diverse microbial population is particularly resistant to antibiotics, resulting in long-term survival that is difficult to achieve. Biofilms can be controlled in a variety of ways, including physical and mechanical expulsion, synthetic evacuation, and the use of antimicrobials and nanoparticles to destroy biofilm organisms.
Biofilm is a microbial population or association that is adherent to biotic or abiotic surfaces or habitats. +ese surface-attached microbial populations can be found in a variety of settings, including food, medicine, industry, and nature. Biofilm is a severe concern in the medical field because it forms on medical devices and infects human tissue, causing a variety of dangerous chronic infections. Where there are sufficient nutrients for microbial growth and adhesion, food and food processing surfaces provide excellent environments for biofilm formation.