High mobility field-effect transistors based on MoS2 crystal | 76888



High mobility field-effect transistors based on MoS2 crystals grown by the flux method

Vilas Patil

Two-dimensional (2D) molybdenum disulphide (MoS2) transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) have great potential for use in optical and electronic device applications; however, the performance of MoS2 is limited by its crystal quality, which serves as a measure of the defects and grain boundaries in the grown material. Therefore, the high-quality growth of MoS2 crystals continues to be a critical issue. In this context, we propose the formation of high-quality MoS2 crystals via the flux method. The resulting electrical properties demonstrate the significant impact of crystal morphology on the performance of MoS2 field-effect transistors. MoS2 made with a relatively higher concentration of sulphur (a molar ratio of 2.2) and at a cooling rate of 2.5 °C h−1 yielded good quality and optimally sized crystals. The room-temperature and low-temperature (77 K) electrical transport properties of MoS2 field-effect transistors (FETs) were studied in detail, with and without the use of a hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) dielectric to address the mobility degradation issue due to scattering at the SiO2/2D material interface.